For many decades Native American tongues were the most common languages other than English spoken in the central plains state of Oklahoma. Today Spanish is by far the most heard second language. The Hispanic population in the state almost doubled from 179,000 in 2001 to 332,000 in 2011.
Today, the most common languages other than English are (in descending order):
- Spanish or Spanish Creole
- Native American languages
Other languages spoken by less than one percent of the population include Korean, Tagalog, Japanese and African languages.
An article in Tulsa World noted that there is currently a strong push in Oklahoma public schools to keep Native American languages alive and nine different languages (Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Comanche, Kiowa, Osage, Pawnee and Ponca) are currently being taught in about 34 schools across the state.
The state average teacher salary in Oklahoma is $44,343. Education beyond a bachelor’s degree increases annual earnings. Average starting salaries for different educational levels are:
- Bachelor’s degree – $31,600
- Master’s degree – $32,800
- Ph D. – $34,000
After 25 years:
- Bachelor’s degree – $42,325
- Master’s degree – $43,950
- Ph D – $46,000
Salaries also differ by location. Beginning salaries in the three largest cities are:
- Bachelor’s degree – $32,925
- Bachelor’s plus 15 credits – $33,225
- Master’s degree – $35,475
- Bachelor’s degree – $32,900
- Master’s degree – $33,956
- Bachelor’s degree – $31,882
- Master’s degree – $32,998
It is noted that Oklahoma City offers a financial incentive for 15 semester hours of credit beyond a bachelor’s degree, which applies to ESL certifications.
The table below provides 2013 Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) salary information for Adult, Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers (Adult ESL teachers are included in this category).