The New York State Education Department (NYSED) certifies qualified teachers to teach English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) at the Pre K-12 level.
According to the Educational Testing Service (ETS), New York is among the top six states in the nation with the heaviest concentration of English language learners (ELLs) in the Pre K-12 student population. During the 2004-05 school year, New York had 203,583 ELL students, according to the American Community Survey Special Calculation published by the U.S. Department of Education.
ELL students in the United States speak more than 450 languages, with Spanish, Vietnamese, Hmong, Chinese/Cantonese and Korean being the most common.
Review the steps in this guide to learn how to become an ESL teacher in New York:
|Complete a Bachelor Degree and Teacher Preparation Program|
|Pass the Tests for Teacher Licensure and TESOL Certification|
|Apply for Your New York Teaching Certificate in ESOL|
|Maintain and Upgrade Your New York Teaching Certificate in ESOL|
Step 1. Complete a Degree and Teacher Preparation Program in New York
The New York State Education Department (NYSED) offers different pathways leading to TESOL certification, some of which apply to first-time applicants, while others apply to those who already hold a teaching certificate in New York or another state. The common educational requirement among all of these pathways is that you must hold a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited university or college.
The educational requirements that lead to TESOL certification in New York are as follows:
- Path 1: Complete a New York State Registered Teacher Preparation Program in English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). A list of such programs may be found here. This program will include a student teaching component.
- Path 2: If you already hold a New York teaching certificate, you may have a major in one of the liberal arts and sciences, with 30 semester hours of credit. Courses must include:
- English grammar
- Language other than English (includes American Sign Language) – must consist of at least 12 semester hours
- Teaching literacy skills methods (3 semester hours)
- Methods of teaching English to speakers of other languages (6 semester hours)
- Path 3: Complete a comparable state-approved teacher preparation program in ESOL in another jurisdiction.
- You must have at least a 2.5 GPA in your undergraduate studies
- Path 4: If you already hold a teaching certificate from another state or territory, you must:
- Have at least a 2.5 GPA in your undergraduate studies
- Have at least three years of full-time, paid ESOL teaching experience OR have completed an approved teacher preparation program
- Path 5: If you are Nationally Board Certified by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards and hold a bachelor’s degree, you automatically meet New York’s educational requirement
Step 2. Pass the Tests for Teacher Licensure and TESOL Certification
Passing the New York State Teacher Certification Examinations (NYSTCE) is a must for all would-be teachers in New York. These tests are given at the Basic, Content Area and Performance Assessment levels.
Prospective ESOL teachers in New York who are seeking an initial teaching certificate must pass this basic skills test:
- NYSTCE- Academic Literacy Skills Test (ALST) – this will test your skills in reading and writing to sources
- NYSTCE – Educating All Students Test (EAS) – this will test your competencies in school-home relationships, teacher responsibilities, students with disabilities and other special learning needs, English language learners, and diverse student populations
Content area testing
You must also pass the following content specialty area test to become TESOL certified in New York:
- Content Specialty Test (CST) – ESOL – this test includes selected-response and constructed-response questions on developing English language proficiency across the curriculum, the ESOL program, and foundations of ESOL instruction.
Finally, all New York teachers must pass an assessment of their performance. For prospective ESOL teachers, it is:
Step 3. Apply for Your New York Teaching Certificate in ESOL
Once you have completed the educational, experiential and examination requirements listed above, you are ready to apply for your New York teaching certificate in ESOL. Additional requirements that you must meet before applying include:
- If you graduated from a New York teacher preparation program – you need an online statement from the institution recommending you for certification. Contact the certification officer at your institution to make sure this has been completed.
- All applicants, regardless of their path, must complete a six-hour Dignity for All Students workshop in harassment, discrimination and bullying prevention and intervention. A list of approved providers for this workshop is here.
- All applicants, regardless of their path, must receive Fingerprint Clearance through completing a criminal history background check. Forms for this check may be found at the Office of School Personnel Review and Accountability web site.
- If you already hold a teaching certificate, either in New York or another state, or completed an approved teacher preparation program in another state, you must also complete the following workshops:
When you are ready, you may apply online for certification through the New York TEACH System. Make sure to have transcripts from all institutions that you attended sent directly to the NYSED. Copies of teaching certificates you hold must be mailed as well. Pay all applicable fees online. Items should be submitted to: The University of the State of New York, The State Education Department, Office of Teaching Initiatives, Room 5N-EB, 89 Washington Ave, Albany, NY 12234.
After you have submitted your application and necessary supplemental materials, you may check its status online here. The NYSED will review it and let you know if you are deficient in any areas. If you are, you must complete this Application Update form and submit it.
Step 4. Maintain and Upgrade Your New York Teaching Certificate in ESOL
Your Initial Certificate is valid for five years, during which time you must complete the requirements for a Professional Certificate. You must accrue at least two years of teaching experience and complete a mentoring program to qualify.
If you obtain a master’s degree in TESOL from an approved graduate teacher preparation program, this will also hasten your transition to a Professional Certificate. Examples of such degrees available in New York include:
- Master of Arts in Teaching English as a Second Language
- Master of Science in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
- Master of Science in Teaching – Concentration in TESOL
- Master of Science in Education
Your Professional Certificate remains valid continuously. However, you must prove that you have maintained the professional development (PD) standards of the NYSED every five years by completing 175 hours of PD. Your school district will keep records of your PD hours and report them to the NYSED.
New York ESL Endorsement Salary Bonus Incentives
New York is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse states in the U.S. A recent memo from the Office of the Governor reported that the foreign population of NY State grew 47 percent, or by 1.3 million people between 1990 and 2006. First generation immigrants now represent 22 percent of the total population in New York City. As a result, New York offers abundant opportunities for educators that teach English to speakers of other languages, especially in New York City (NYC) which employs 75 percent of the state’s ESL teachers.
The five most common foreign languages spoken in New York are Spanish, Chinese, Arabic, Bengali and Haitian Creole.
ESL teacher endorsements are granted and controlled by the New York State Education Department (NYSRD) which offers both TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) and Bilingual endorsements. The first is for teachers who will teach English language learners in an English classroom setting; Bilingual endorsements are for bilingual teachers who will teach in dual-language classrooms.
Both endorsements require a bachelor’s degree or better and a valid New York K-12 teacher’s license. Additional requirements for a TESOL endorsement include:
- Complete a state-approved ESL program
- Demonstrate proof of English proficiency
- Complete college-supervised student teaching OR one year paid, full-time experience teaching an ESL class
Additional requirements for a Bilingual Endorsement include:
- Complete 24-semester hours of bilingual education courses
- Demonstrate proficiency in both English and the language of instruction
- Student teaching same as for TESOL endorsement above
New York pays the fifth highest average ESL teacher salary in the nation. The median annual salary for a high school ESL teacher is $64,390 in comparison with the national median of $53,390. However, NYC teachers do far better than those in the rest of the state. At $82,240, the Nassau-Suffolk area (Long Island) pays the highest median high school teacher salary of any metropolitan area in the country.
The NYC Department of Education schedule for teacher salaries is as follows:
- Starting teachers with a bachelor’s degree and no experience – $45,530
- Starting teachers with a master’s degree and no experience – $51,425
- Masters degree plus 30 credit hours and 5 years experience – $74,796
NYC teachers receive incremental raises and those in some areas receive performance bonuses. It is possible for a teacher with 22 or more years with the NYC school system to earn an annual salary in excess of $100,000.
The table below provides 2013 Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) salary information for Adult, Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers (ESL teachers are included in this category).